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8.0 | 2017
Development as a Battlefield
Les conflits du développement
Part 1 | Conflicts that Create Consensus

Two Lives of Developmentalism: A Polanyian View from Turkey

Ayse Buğra

Abstract

Developmentalism refers to a particular ideology marked by a sense of inevitability about the nature of historical change and to political interventions to implement particular strategies of development. The paradox between the ideology of development and development policy challenges the notion of market-led economic progress that proceeds without government intervention and is closely related to social conflicts engendered by economic progress. This chapter approaches capitalism as a socio-economic order where the idea of progress is central to the ideological universe.  It also highlights the historically changing and societally different characteristics of capitalism that affect its ideological universe and determine the way conflicts engendered by progress are handled through political intervention. It argues that the concept of developmentalism needs to be examined with reference to the political choices that are situated in different historical varieties of capitalism and that differ in the ways in which they shape the character of economic processes and in their impact on the life and livelihood of the individual. This argument is situated in an analytical frame built by drawing on Karl Polanyi’s work and by remembering the historical trends in development economics, and is developed through a case study on Turkey that shows the variations in the relationship between the economy and politics in different historical periods.

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Editor's notes

Paperback reference: Ayse Buğra (2017, forthcoming) ‘Two Lives of Developmentalism: A Polanyian View from Turkey’ in Development as a Battlefield, International Development Policy series No.8 (Geneva, Boston: Graduate Institute Publications, Brill-Nijhoff).

References

Electronic reference

Ayse Buğra, « Two Lives of Developmentalism: A Polanyian View from Turkey », International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 8.0 |  2017, Online since 03 May 2017, connection on 28 June 2017. URL : http://poldev.revues.org/2306 ; DOI : 10.4000/poldev.2306

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About the author

Ayse Buğra

Ayşe Buğra is Professor of Political Economy at the Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History in Istanbul, Turkey. She has written on the history and methodology of economics, development economics and comparative social policy. She is also the translator into Turkish of The Great Transformation by Karl Polanyi (1986).

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Copyright

Creative Commons License
International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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