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9.0 | 2017
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development. Lessons from Latin America

Alternative Development Narratives, Policies and Outcomes in the Andean Region

Humberto Campodónico, Gilles Carbonnier and Sergio Tezanos Vázquez


Since the early 2000s, many Latin American countries achieved remarkable economic growth coupled with poverty and inequality reduction, largely due to the pursuit of a centuries-old pattern of commodity exports. The end of the commodity price super-cycle in 2014 puts some of these development gains in jeopardy, raising anxiety among emerging middle classes wary of slipping back into poverty. Drawing on a rich intellectual heritage, Latin American leaders have designed novel approaches in the pursuit of sustainable development. Alternative development narratives brought to the fore by left-wing governments have emphasised notions such as buen vivir, arguably the most influential and revolutionary proposition originated in the region since different variants of the dependency theory. What is less clear is the extent to which competing ideologies and narratives have translated into diverging outcomes, be it with regard to (neo-) extractivism, ecological sustainability or the rights and cultural identity of indigenous peoples, or simply in terms of economic diversification. This chapter introduces the thematic issue of International Development Policy, which deals with recent paradigmatic innovations and development experiences in Latin America, with a particular focus on the Andean region.

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Editor's notes

Paperback reference: Campodónico, H., G. Carbonnier and S. Tezanos Vázquez (2017, forthcoming) ‘Introduction. Alternative Development Narratives, Policies and Outcomes in the Andean Region’ in Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America, International Development Policy series No.9 (Geneva, Boston: Graduate Institute Publications, Brill-Nijhoff).


Electronic reference

Humberto Campodónico, Gilles Carbonnier and Sergio Tezanos Vázquez, « Alternative Development Narratives, Policies and Outcomes in the Andean Region », International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 9.0 | 2017, Online since 28 May 2017, connection on 20 September 2017. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/poldev.2346

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About the authors

Humberto Campodónico

is a Principal Researcher at DESCO, Lima and has served as Dean and as Professor of the Faculty of Economics, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima. From 2011 to 2012, he served as the President of the National Oil Company Petroperú. He is presently a member of the Advisory Council of the Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI) and a Fellow of the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI). He has published several books about mining, energy (oil, natural gas), international economics and trade.

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Gilles Carbonnier

is Professor of Development Economics at the Graduate Institute, Geneva; Editor-in-Chief, International Development Policy, and President, Centre for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action. His research focuses on international development cooperation, as well as the governance of natural resources and illicit financial flows. His latest book is entitled Humanitarian Economics. War, Disaster and the Global Aid Market (London & New York: Hurst & Oxford University Press, 2016).

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Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

is Associate Professor in the Department of Economics at the Universidad de Cantabria (Spain), President of the Spanish Network of Development Studies (REEDES) and Vice-President of the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI). His main research fields are human development (with a focus on international development taxonomies), international co-operation policies (with emphasis on the effectiveness and allocation of Official Development Assistance, ODA) and international migration (from developing countries to developed countries).

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Creative Commons License
International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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