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9.0 | 2017
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development. Lessons from Latin America

Socialism in the Twenty-First Century and Neo-liberalism: Diverse Ideological Options Do Not Always Generate Different Effects

Fernando Eguren

Abstract

This chapter seeks to demonstrate that policies derived from different ideological options do not necessarily generate significantly different effects. In the Andean region, the governments of Rafael Correa, in Ecuador, and Evo Morales, in Bolivia, have been following a political line of ‘twenty-first century socialism’, while the governments of Colombia and Peru have directed their political orientations towards neo-liberalism and the ‘Washington Consensus’. Nevertheless, two issues of importance—namely, the handling of the processes involved in the concentration of property land rights and the treatment of indigenous populations—demonstrate that the actions of these two groups of countries have not led to very different results. The fact that these countries have become part of the globalisation process has permitted variations in the relative radicalism of the governments’ political discourses but has led to significantly less flexibility with regard to the degree of autonomy that these governments face for implementing policies. Additionally, domestic social conflicts have set limits on the states’ abilities to manoeuvre when implementing their policies.

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Author's notes

Paperback reference: Eguren, F. (2017, forthcoming) ‘Socialism in the Twenty-First Century and Neo-liberalism: Diverse Ideological Options Do Not Always Generate Different Effects’ in Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America, International Development Policy series No.9 (Geneva, Boston: Graduate Institute Publications, Brill-Nijhoff).

References

Electronic reference

Fernando Eguren, « Socialism in the Twenty-First Century and Neo-liberalism: Diverse Ideological Options Do Not Always Generate Different Effects », International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 9.0 | 2017, Online since 28 May 2017, connection on 20 September 2017. URL : http://poldev.revues.org/2359 ; DOI : 10.4000/poldev.2359

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About the author

Fernando Eguren

is President of the Peruvian Center for Social Research (Centro Peruano de Estudios Sociales) and Director of Debate Agrario (Agriculture Debate) and La Revista Agraria (Agriculture Review). He holds a Bachelor degree in Social Sciences from the University of Louvain, Belgium, and undertook graduate studies in Sociology at l’École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris, and in Political Studies at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima.

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Copyright

Creative Commons License
International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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