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9.0 | 2017
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development
Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development. Lessons from Latin America

Territories in Dispute: Tensions between ‘Extractivism’, Ethnic Rights, Local Governments and the Environment in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

Darío Indalecio Restrepo Botero and Camilo Andrés Peña Galeano

Abstract

This chapter studies the underlying tensions between ‘extractivism’ decentralisation processes, the recognition of ethnic rights, and the protection of the environment in four countries in Latin America. Two of them, Bolivia and Ecuador, adhere to so-called twenty-first century socialism, while the other two, Colombia and Peru, apply policies driven by neo-liberalism. This ‘major ideological fissure,’ however, does not imply significant differences in terms of dependence on the extractives industry and its social, institutional and political consequences; nor does it explain differences in terms of the relationships between extractivism, decentralisation, and the governments’ policies concerning the environment and ethnic rights.

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Editor's notes

Paperback reference: Restrepo Botero, D. I. and C. A. Peña Galeano (2017, forthcoming) ‘Territories in Dispute: Tensions between ‘Extractivism’, Ethnic Rights, Local Governments and the Environment in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru’ in Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development: Lessons from Latin America, International Development Policy series No.9 (Geneva, Boston: Graduate Institute Publications, Brill-Nijhoff).

References

Electronic reference

Darío Indalecio Restrepo Botero and Camilo Andrés Peña Galeano, « Territories in Dispute: Tensions between ‘Extractivism’, Ethnic Rights, Local Governments and the Environment in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru », International Development Policy | Revue internationale de politique de développement [Online], 9.0 | 2017, Online since 28 May 2017, connection on 20 September 2017. URL : http://poldev.revues.org/2374 ; DOI : 10.4000/poldev.2374

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About the authors

Darío Indalecio Restrepo Botero

is Professor and director of the doctoral programmes of the School of Economic and Administrative Sciences of the National University of Colombia. He holds a PhD in History from the National University of Colombia and a Magister in Development studies from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. His field of expertise includes public economics, intergovernmental relations, political systems and community participation.

Camilo Andrés Peña Galeano

is an economist. He is currently research assistant at the Center for Development Research—CID and candidate for a Master’s degree at the School of Economic Sciences of the National University of Colombia. His main research interests include extractivism, territorial development and social protection.

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Copyright

Creative Commons License
International Development Policy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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